Learn about Enbridge
Enbridge Inc. (TSX:ENB; NYSE:ENB) is a Calgary, Alberta based pipeline company that operates the world’s longest crude oil and liquids pipeline system, located in Canada and the U.S. It was initially incorporated as Interprovincial Pipe Line (IPL) in 1949, and became Enbridge Pipelines in 1998.
» Read the Polaris Institute’s corporate profile report, “Out on the tar sands mainline: Mapping Enbridge’s web of pipelines”
Some Enbridge facts and stats:
- Enbridge employs 6,065 employees in Canada and the United States
- Enbridge Inc. was ranked number 18 on the Financial Post’s 2008 list of Canada’s biggest companies by revenue.
- Enbridge Energy Partners – owners and operators of Enbridge’s U.S. liquids pipelines including the Lakehead system – was ranked 268 on the Fortune 500 list of the United Sates’ largest companies by revenue.
- Enbridge Inc. trades on the New York Stock Exchange and the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol ENB
Record of spills and violations
- Between 1999 and 2008, Enbridge lists 610 spills that released approximately 21 million litres (132,000 barrels) of hydrocarbons.
- On July 4, 2002 an Enbridge pipeline ruptured in a marsh near the town of Cohasset, Minnesota in Itasca County, spilling 1,000,000 litres of crude oil. In an attempt to keep the oil from contaminating the Mississippi, the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources set a controlled burn that created a smoke plume a mile high and 5 miles long.
- In 2006, there were 67 reportable spills totalling 900,345 litres on Enbridge’s energy and transportation and distribution system; in 2007, there were 65 reportable spills totalling 2,190,367 litres.
- On March 18, 2006, approximately 97,459 litres of crude oil were released when a pump failed at Enbridge’s Willmar terminal in Saskatchewan. According to Enbridge, roughly half the oil was recovered, the remainder contributing to ‘off-site’ impacts.
- On January 1, 2007 an Enbridge pipeline that runs from Superior, Wisconsin to near Whitewater, Wisconsin cracked open and spilled ~189,270 litres of crude oil onto farmland and into a drainage ditch. The same pipeline was struck by construction crews on February 2, 2007, in Rusk County, Wisconsin, spilling ~476,961 litres of crude. Some of the oil filled a hole more than 20 feet deep and was reported to have contaminated the local water table.
- In April 2007, roughly 990,013 litres of crude oil spilled into a field downstream of an Enbridge pumping station near Glenavon, Saskatchewan. Long-term site remediation is being attempted to bring the site to “as close as possible to its original condition”.
- In 2009, U.S. affiliate Enbridge Energy Partners agreed to pay $1.1 million to settle a lawsuit brought against the company by the state of Wisconsin for 545 environmental violations. Wisconsin’s Department of Justice, Attorney General J.B. Van Hollen said “…the incidents of violation were numerous and widespread, and resulted in impacts to the streams and wetlands throughout the various watersheds.”
- In January 2009 an Enbridge pipeline leaked about 635,949 of oil southeast of Fort McMurray at the company’s Cheecham Terminal tank farm.
- In April 2010 an Enbridge pipeline ruptured spilling more than 1500 litres of oil in Virden, Manitoba, which leaked into the Boghill Creek which eventually connects to the Assiniboine River.
- In July 2010, a leaking pipeline spilled an estimated 3,785,411 litres of crude oil into Talmadge Creek leading to the Kalamazoo River in southwest Michigan on Monday, July 26.